Understanding the FCA Investigation into Personal Guarantees

How can I understand more about the FCA Investigation into Personal Guarantees? What does it mean for me?Understanding the FCA Investigation into Personal Guarantees

In recent times, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has undertaken investigations into various aspects of financial services to ensure transparency, fairness, and consumer protection. Remember PPI? Interest Rate Swaps? Or, roll the clock back to Endowment Mortgages?

One such area under scrutiny recently has been personal guarantees. This article delves into the FCA’s investigation into personal guarantees, offering insights into its implications and potential outcomes. With the vast majority of small business lending requiring a personal guarantee there may be a lot of interested people out there.

What Are Personal Guarantees?

Personal guarantees (or directors guarantees) are a common feature in business lending, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). They are a form of security provided by individuals, typically directors or business owners, to guarantee repayment of a loan or credit facility taken out by their company.

In essence, personal guarantees offer lenders additional assurance that they will recoup their funds even if the business fails to meet its financial obligations by then approaching the guarantor to arrange repayment.

The FCA Investigation

The FCA’s interest in personal guarantees stems from concerns regarding their widespread use and potential implications, especially in cases where borrowers may not fully understand the extent of their obligations or the risks involved.

The investigation aims to assess whether lenders are providing adequate information to borrowers about the implications of personal guarantees, including the potential for personal liability in the event of business failure. It is fair to assume that historic practices and guarantees may be a bigger focus given lenders change how things are done in reaction to things that go wrong.

arrowKey Areas of Focus

  1. Transparency and Disclosure: One of the primary focuses of the investigation is the transparency of information provided to borrowers regarding personal guarantees. This includes assessing whether lenders clearly explain the implications, risks, and potential consequences of providing a personal guarantee.
  2. Affordability and Suitability: The FCA is also examining whether lenders adequately assess the affordability and suitability of personal guarantees for individual borrowers. This involves evaluating the borrower’s financial circumstances and ability to fulfill their obligations under the guarantee without undue hardship.
  3. Fair Treatment of Borrowers: Ensuring fair treatment of borrowers is a central tenet of the FCA’s regulatory framework. The investigation seeks to determine whether lenders are treating borrowers fairly in their dealings regarding personal guarantees, including the terms and conditions imposed and any enforcement actions taken.

Implications for Borrowers

For borrowers, particularly directors and business owners, the FCA’s investigation into personal guarantees carries several implications. Firstly, it underscores the importance of fully understanding the terms and implications of any personal guarantees they provide. Borrowers should seek comprehensive advice and guidance to ensure they are aware of their rights, obligations, and potential liabilities.

Secondly, the investigation may lead to regulatory changes or increased scrutiny on lenders, potentially resulting in stricter requirements for transparency, disclosure, and affordability assessments related to personal guarantees. Borrowers may benefit from enhanced protections and clearer information about the risks involved in providing personal guarantees.

It may equally be that the law of unintended consequences comes into play and lending for small businesses becomes more difficult and expensive as a result of lenders enforcing requirements such as affordability checks or independent legal advice (ILA).

It is almost certain that lenders will adjust their practices in response to regulatory changes, which could affect the ease of access to credit and the cost of borrowing for businesses and individuals. We may also see a resurgence of interest in personal guarantee insurance.


The FCA’s investigation into personal guarantees reflects its commitment to ensuring fair and transparent practices in the financial services industry. By scrutinising the use of personal guarantees and assessing lenders’ practices, the FCA aims to protect consumers and promote responsible lending.

For borrowers, understanding the implications of personal guarantees and staying informed about regulatory developments is crucial. As the investigation unfolds, borrowers and lenders alike should be prepared to adapt to potential regulatory changes and evolving market dynamics. Watch this space.

By Dave Farmer